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Fragments, Run-ons, Comma Splices Quiz.

Directions:
On a numbered piece of paper(1-20) write Correct if the sentence is correct, Fragment if the sentence is a fragment, Run-on if the sentence is a run-on, and Comma splice if the sentence has a comma splice.

Check your answers with the correct answers which follow the quiz below.

1. About an hour later Jesus arrived.

2. Jesus came to save the world Jesus did not come to condemn us.

3. Here's the truth, Jesus died for our sins.

4. The children must recite and practice "The Pledge of Allegiance."

5. "The Pledge of Allegiance" is performed in schools, it is good to recite the "pledge" in schools.

6. George Washington worked very hard as a surveyor, nevertheless, we don't remember him for his surveying skills.

7. While the delegates are working hard, we don’t think they can finish by the 4th of July.

8. The delegates are working hard, we don't think they can finish the Declaration of Independence by the 4th of July.

9. Although Peter's first efforts at proclaiming the truth about Jesus failed miserably.

10. After the sermon on the mount.

11. It is the meek who will inherit the world, the boaster is full of pride.

12. Pastors have different styles, they all need, however, to be skilled in handling people.

13. Congress must proceed according to rules furthermore, Congressional meetings must be conducted fairly.

14. Because many impromptu meetings take place.

15. The building of the Washington monument was interrupted when funding was running out and the Civil War began, it was started up again, but the marble used in the first 100 feet could not be matched exactly.

16. Service can come in many forms, for example, it can be as simple as prayer.

17. The word "cool" originally meant a slight low temperature.

18. Jesus and the Disciples stepped into the boat then they went over to the other side of the lake.

19. A characteristic of Christians is that they believe they are saved by the grace of God.

20. Jesus fell carrying the cross.

Answers and explanations:

1. About an hour later Jesus arrived.
Correct
This sentence is complete because the verb arrived has a subject-Jesus.
"About an hour later" gives added information to the sentence "Jesus arrived."
Many people want to put a comma after later, but this is not necessary.
The introduction ("About an hour later") has fewer than five words with no verb in it.

2. Jesus came to save the world Jesus did not come to condemn us.
Run-on
You are looking at two complete sentences.
The verb in the first sentence is came, the subject is Jesus.
In the next sentence the verb is come. The subject here is also Jesus.

3. Here's the truth, Jesus died for our sins.
Comma splice
The verb in the first clause or sentence is is, and the subject of is is truth.
The verb in the next clause or sentence is died.
Ask yourself, "Who died?" Jesus is the subject of died, and the words "for our sins" give the clause independence.
Written another way it's easier to see the comma splice:
The truth is here, Jesus died for our sins.

4. The children must recite and practice "The Pledge of Allegiance."
Correct
This is a complete sentence. The verb phrase "must recite and practice" has children as its subject.
The other words in the sentence give added information to the basic sentence.

5. "The Pledge of Allegiance" is performed in schools, it is good to recite the "pledge" in schools.
Comma splice
This is a comma splice. Notice how each word group has its own verb, subject, and independence. "Is performed" is the verb phrase, and "The Pledge of Allegiance" is the subject of the first clause. Is is the verb describing the pronoun it in the second half, and all the other words give added information to "It is."

6. George Washington worked very hard as a surveyor, nevertheless, we don't remember him for his surveying skills.
Comma splice
The verb worked has a subject George Washington. The verb remember has the subject we. Therefore, these are two independent clauses with a comma and a transitional word in the middle. If you take out the transitional word nevertheless, these word groups form a comma splice. You end up having two separate sentences joined by a comma.
When joining closely related ideas that are are independent clauses do not use a comma and a transitional word. Instead, add a semicolon after the first clause:
George Washington worked very hard as a surveyor; nevertheless, we don't remember him for his surveying skills.

7. While the delegates are working hard, we don't think they can finish by the 4th of July.
Correct
While is a dependent conjunction. Notice how this first-word group cannot stand alone. When you use a comma and a complete sentence after the introduction, you have written a complete sentence. Many sentences have introductions beginning with dependent conjunctions.

8. The delegates are working hard, we don't think they can finish the Declaration of Independence by the 4th of July.
Comma splice
This is a comma splice; two complete sentences are joined with a comma.

9. Although Peter's first efforts at proclaiming the truth about Jesus failed miserably.
Fragment
What part of speech is although? It is a dependent conjunction.
Dependent conjunctions begin a word group that gives added information. This introduction, long though it is, is only part of a sentence and cannot stand alone.

Some confusion can result when a dependent word group comes after an independent clause.
If the meaning of the sentence would be changed if the dependent word group were taken out, omit the comma before it.
If the meaning of the sentence would not be changed if the dependent word group was omitted, add a comma.

10. After the sermon on the mount.
Fragment
Fragments leave you hanging; they are group of words that do not express a complete thought.

11. It is the meek who will inherit the world, the boaster is full of pride.
Comma splice
Since there are two complete sentences, they cannot be joined with a comma. A comma followed by a coordinating conjunction would be fine. A period instead of the comma would also be fine. You could also replace the comma with a semicolon.

12. Pastors have different styles, they all need, however, to be skilled in handling people.
Comma splice
The verb in the first sentence is have, and the subject is Pastors.
The second sentence could catch you off guard with however in the middle of it. However may be used as a transitional word, but it may also be used to interrupt a complete sentence. That is exactly how however is working in this sentence. Notice if you omit however, the second clause or sentence reads, "They all need to be skilled in handling people."
Therefore, this is a comma splice; two sentences are joined incorrectly with a comma.

13. Congress must proceed according to rules furthermore, Congressional meetings must be conducted fairly.
Run-on
Since these two sentences are not joined or separated at all, this is an example of a run-on. The writer remembered to put a comma after the transitional word furthermore, but forgot to put a semicolon before it.

14. Because many impromptu meetings take place.
Fragment
Because is a dependent conjunction. This is a group of words that do not express a complete thought.

15. The building of the Washington monument was interrupted when funding was running out and the Civil War began, it was started up again, but the marble used in the first 100 feet could not be matched exactly.
Comma splice
A coordinate conjunction is used, but there are two independent clauses preceeding it.

16. Service can come in many forms, for example, it can be as simple as prayer.
Comma splice
First, take out the transitional expression.
Are there two complete sentences joined by a comma?
If your answer is Yes, then you will recognize why this is a comma splice.
For example is being used as a transitional expression, and it should be preceeded by a semicolon or a period.

17. The word cool originally meant a slight low temperture.
Correct
Meant is the verb. If you ask yourself, "what meant?" you would say cool meant. The other words in the sentence give the sentence independence.

18. Jesus and the Disciples stepped into the boat then they went over to the other side of the lake.
Run-on
Many people think then works like a coordinate conjunction. It does not.
These two sentences are running together. If you want to use then to join the sentences, you should use a semicolon before then. You could also end the first sentence with a period after the word boat, and start the second sentence with a capital letter.
When you see then joining two sentences, add a comma followed by the conjunction-and.
Jesus and the Disciples stepped into the boat, and then they went over to the other side of the lake.

19. A characteristic of Christians is that they believe they are saved by the grace of God.
Correct
Is is the verb of this sentence. Characteristic is the subject of the sentence. The other words give added information to the sentence. A prepostional phrase appears in the sentence: "...of Christians."

20. Jesus fell carrying the cross.
Complete sentence
This sentence has a subject, verb, and object.

Note: Although He endured pain and suffering, Jesus completed His purpose on Earth.




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