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Common ESL Errors (Nouns)

Try to correct these common errors:

How many childrens do you have?
I have five girl.
Every girls speaks Spanish and English.
I have dog.
You must have the patience and the hope.
I was born in mexico city.

CORRECTIONS:

How many children do you have?
I have five girls.
Every girl speaks Spanish and English.
I have a dog.
You must have patience and hope.
I was born in Mexico City.

Here are some problematic non-count nouns:
homework, information, machinery.

Try to correct these common errors:

We have many homeworks.
Thank you for the advices.

CORRECTIONS:

We have a lot of homework.
Thank you for the advice.

Common ESL Errors (Pronouns)

Try to correct these common errors:

My favorite city is San Juan Capistrano. Is a very special place to me.
Do you know my uncle? I think that she is your neighbor.
Cars are important. People need it in today's world.
My brother he lives in Mexico.
A computer is something that all students need it.
Everyone were very happy.

CORRECTIONS:

My favorite city is San Juan Capistrano. It is a very special place for me.
Do you know my uncle? I think he is your neighbor.
Cars are important. People need them in today's world.
My brother lives in Mexico.
A computer is something that all students need.
Everyone was very happy.

Common ESL Errors (Verbs)

Try to correct these common errors:

We have hungry now.
The teacher drive a Toyota.
My sister no lives in Mexico now.
Why you need English classes.
She can't go now because she cooks the dinner.
How long do you live here.
We came to the United States. Later, we have three children.
The lunch was great! We enjoyed very much.
I believe that everyone should to learn a second language.

CORRECTIONS:

We are hungry now.
The teacher drives a Toyota.
My sister does not live in Mexico now.
Why do you need English classes?
She can't go now because she is cooking dinner.
How long have you lived here?
We came to the United States. Later, we had three children.
The lunch was great! We enjoyed it very much.
I believe that everyone should learn a second language.

Try to correct these negative form errors:

I no speak English well.
She is not like this food.
The fish doesn't smells good.

CORRECTIONS:

I do not speak English well.
She does not like this food.
The fish doesn't smell good.

Common ESL Errors (Adjectives)

Try to correct these common errors:

China is a country very big.
These books are very cheaps.
China is more big than Japan.
In the winter, the weather here is very rain.

CORRECTIONS:

China is a very big country.
These books are very cheap.
China is bigger than Japan.
In the winter, the weather here is very rainy.

Common ESL Errors (Adverbs)

Try to correct these common errors:

She plays the violin very beautiful.
I like very much this food.
The teacher explained the lesson detailly.

CORRECTIONS:

She plays the violin very beautifully.
I like this food very much.
The teacher explained the lesson in detail.

Common ESL Errors (Conjunctions)

Try to correct these common errors:

The test was difficult, I did not do well.
The test was difficult so I did not do well.
Although I watched the movie, but I did not enjoy it.
Our flight to Boston was delayed. Because the weather was really bad.

CORRECTIONS:

The test was difficult. I did not do well on it.
The test was difficult for me, so I did not do well.
Although I watched the movie, I did not enjoy it.
Our flight to Boston was delayed because the weather was really bad.

Common ESL Errors (Prepositions)

Try to correct these common errors:

I have a appointment at monday.
He work on his office, in Main Street.
I am waiting the bus.
How can we avoid for any problems?
The car is full from gasoline right now.

CORRECTIONS:

I have an appointment on Monday.
He works in his office on Main Street.
I am waiting for the bus.
How can we avoid any problems?
The car is full of gasoline right now.

Common ESL Errors (Present Perfect Tense)

Try to correct these common errors:

I lived here my whole life.
Sara has already did all the homework.
We don't have eaten at the restaurant yet.
I borrowed the book last week. I doesn't have returned the book yet.

CORRECTIONS:

I've lived here my whole life.
Sara has already done all the homework.
We haven't eaten at the restaurant yet.
I borrowed the book last week. I haven't returned it yet.

Spelling

There are a lot of spelling rules, and exceptions to the rules, to spell correctly. In today's world, with access to a smart phone or computer, it is easier to just type into the search box in "Google" how you think the word is spelled. If you are incorrect in the spelling it will display: "Showing results for ____________ (the word correctly spelled). Search instead for ____________ (the word correctly spelled)," then you will know the correct spelling.

A common spelling rule: "i before e, except after c."
Examples: believe and friends (i before e)
"...except after c." Examples: receive and deceit.

Two exceptions to this common spelling rule:

1) When the letters "e and i" make the sound "ay" (examples: neighbor, weigh), put the "e" first.
2) When the letters (i,e) are preceded by the letter "c" and followed by "n".
(The letters-CIEN all together) Examples: ancient and science

Some exceptions to all the rules: either, foreign, height, leisure, protein, weird.
When in doubt check your dictionary.

Making words plural that end in "y":
If the singular word ends with -y and the -y is not preceded by a vowel (or is not a proper name) the -y changes to -i and the plural is then -es (puppy/puppies spy/spies).
If the -y is preceded by a vowel add -s to the end (bay/bays osprey/ospreys).

Some nouns that end in -f or -fe are changed to -ves in the plural (loaf/loaves leaf/leaves knife/knives life/lives wife/wives)
Some nouns do not change at all (fish/fish sheep/sheep deer/deer offspring/offspring).

Check out the following common spelling error:

When touring the capital, why not visit the capitol? Capital and capitol are terms that are often confused, mainly because they refer to things that are in some ways related.
The term for a town or city that serves as a seat of government is spelled capital.
The term for the building in which a legislative assembly meets is spelled capitol.

Be careful with words ending with the seed sound.

Most words that end with the seed sound are spelled cede at the end: intercede, precede, recede, secede, ect.
There are three words ending with the seed sound that are spelled ceed at the end: exceed, proceed, and succeed.
There is only one word ending with the seed sound that is spelled sede at the end: supersede.

Suffixes: able, ible

able is more common than ible
Examples: workable, dependable, detectable
The last letter or sound in the last syllable determines the suffix.

The suffix able follows g, i, and the hard c sound ("k" sound).
Examples: navigable (/g/), amiable (/i/), irrevocable (/k/).

The suffix ible follows s, st, some d sounds, and the soft c sound (/s/) for example the soft c sound (/s/) in discernible.
Other examples: plausible (/s/), digestible (/st/), edible (/d/), forcible (/s/)
The suffix ible is used after double consonants.
For example: infallible (double-ll).

Plurals

For nouns ending with s, z, x, ch, sh, form the plural by adding es.

For nouns ending in a vowel and y, form the plural by adding s.

For nouns ending in a consonant and y, form the plural by changing the y to ie and adding s.

For nouns ending in a vowel and o, form the plural by adding s.

For musical terms ending in an o add s.

One way to form irregular plurals ending in "f" or "fe": life/lives, knife/knives, wolf/wolves, leaf/leaves, scarf/scarves.

Two ways to form these irregular plurals ending in "f" or "fe": dwarf= dwarfs or dwarves, hoof= hoofs or hooves, wharf= wharfs or wharves.

Memorize these nouns ending in consonants and o (some add only "s" and others add "es"): logo/logos, taco/tacos, casino/casinos, ego/egos, tomato/tomatoes, potato/potatoes, echo/echoes, veto/vetoes.

The following words are often misspelled:

  • absence
  • accomplish
  • apparent
  • believe
  • biscuit
  • broccoli
  • calendar
  • candidate
  • category
  • changeable
  • column
  • criticize
  • definite
  • development
  • disappear
  • dominant
  • equipment
  • embarrass
  • existence
  • financially
  • foreign
  • generally
  • government
  • grammar
  • grateful
  • guarantee
  • height
  • humorous
  • ignorance
  • immediate
  • independent
  • intelligence
  • jewelry
  • knowledge
  • leisure
  • library
  • lightning
  • lose
  • magically
  • maintenance
  • mosquito
  • neighbor
  • occasion
  • official
  • particular
  • physical
  • piece
  • pleasant
  • potatoes
  • principal
  • privilege
  • pursuit
  • receive
  • recommend
  • religious
  • remembrance
  • restaurant
  • rhythm
  • salary
  • sandwich
  • schedule
  • separate
  • shining
  • special
  • success
  • tomorrow
  • truly
  • twelfth
  • until
  • usage
  • vacuum
  • village
  • weather
  • weird
  • zoology




Bible Verse of the Day

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