Directions: Move the arrow over or touch each highlighted word or segment and look for a definition or explanation in the box.
Click on footnote numbers for further discussions.
Bible quotes are in blue.
Quotes with Jesus speaking are referenced in red.
Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs
A noun is the used to name persons, things, animals, places, or ideas.
Nouns may name something that can't be touched (examples: hope, mercy, and grace).
Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners...
1 Timothy 1:15.
A basic pronoun replaces a noun. The name of a person is replaced by the pronoun "He or She." Pronouns may represent people, places, or things.
Other examples of pronouns are: I, it, and they.
I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned;
has crossed over from death to life.
Verbs usually describe the actions, of people, animals, places, or things.
Other verbs don't describe actions but link together parts of sentences. These verbs link subjects to additional information in sentences.
Every sentence must include at least one verb.
died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to
bring you to God. 1 Peter 3:18.
my light and my salvation... Psalms 27:1
Linking verbs are followed by information about the person or thing:
1) Linking verbs include all forms of the verb "to be": "I am a student." "She is a student." "He was a student." They were students."
A linking verb is not an action verb.
2) Sense verbs are other linking verbs that don't describe the actions of persons or things.
These verbs express feelings or perceptions (see, hear, smell, feel, or taste).
For example, to express how I perceive a woman's appearance, I would say: "You look great."
To express what I think about what she said to me: "That sounds great."
To express my perception of her perfume: "You smell great."
To express my feelings about the food I'm eating: "It tastes great."
3) There are other linking verbs which link nouns to subsequent information of change: become, seem, remain, appear, get, go, grow, stay, turn.
Examples: "I became a teacher in 2007." "The kids got sleepy after lunch."
Adjectives modify nouns, pronouns, and other adjectives.
Adjectives modify nouns by adding information;
they tell you more about nouns. Adjectives may precede nouns, or they may appear after a form of the verb to be (am, is, are, was, were).
But the wisdom that comes from heaven is first of all pure; then peace-loving, considerate, submissive, full of mercy and
good fruit, impartial and sincere.
The LORD is
righteous ; our God is full of compassion. Psalm 116:5.
An adjective may be a number or a word expressing a
sense of quantity.
"What good is it for a man to gain the
world, yet forfeit his soul?" Mark 8:36
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Adverbs mostly tell more about verbs, but they may add information to adjectives or even other adverbs in a sentence. Adverbs are commonly formed from adjectives by adding ly to the end.
Some adverbs tell how something is done or was done.
gave up his life for us all.
Sometimes adverbs tell when something is done.
Love does not delight in evil, but rejoices with the truth.
perseveres. 1 Corinthians 13: 6-7.
Conjunctions, such as and, but, and for, connect or join words, phrases, or clauses.
After His death, Mary
Jesus outside His tomb. John 19:14
Prepositions are mostly little words that are followed by nouns. Prepositions link phrases and add information in a sentence.
For there is one God and the mediator
between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people. 1 Timothy 2:5-6.
A list of common prepositions:
above, across, after
, against, among, around, at, before
, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, out, outside, over, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, until
, up, upon, with, without.
Sometimes these are at the beginning of dependent clauses which are joined to independent clauses.
Some prepositional phrases:
according to, because of, by way of, in addition to, in front of, in place of,
in regard to, in spite of, instead of, on account of, out of.
First, read the definitions below and recall the names of the parts of speech.
Then, move the mouse over each definition to see if you are correct.
1. first word of a prepositional phrase
2. modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb
3. joins words, phrases, or clauses
4. describes a noun or pronoun
5. substitutes for a noun
6. names a person, place, thing, or idea
7. expresses action or state of being