This page was composed by a credentialed teacher in California who loves Jesus. "The grace of our Lord was poured out on me abundantly, along with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus." 1 Timothy 1:14
Choosing Words Correctly.
Directions: Move the arrow over or touch each highlighted word or segment and look for a definition or explanation in the box.
set instead of sat.
Use set to express to put or to place
Past Participle: (has/have) set
Present tense: Set the glasses on tables before lunch is served.
Past tense: I set the glass on the table.
Past Participle: I have set the glasses on the table.
I who set the heavens in place....(Isaiah 51:16)
sat instead of set.
Sat is the past tense of sit.
I sat in the chair.
Incorrect: I sat my glass on the table.
When the object is being acted upon use set.
Correct: I set my glass on the table (The object is the glass).
Choosing lay instead of lie.
Lay (put or place)
The verb lay requires a direct object and lie does not.
So you lie down on a sofa (no direct object), but you lay a book down on a table (the book is the direct object).
Past Participle: laid
I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me�just as the Father knows me and I know the Father�and I lay down my life for the sheep. John 10:14-15.
In the above quote, the words lay down mean give up, and the object is Jesus' life.
They laid the body of Jesus in a tomb, and rolled a huge stone across the opening.
Laid is used to express the past of to put or place not to recline.
Be careful. It's not correct to say or write: He laid down on the bed. (Laid down in this sentence isn't followed by an object that "he laid down," so, the sentence is incomplete and incorrect.
It's pretty easy; you lay something down, people lie down by themselves.
Lie (lie down or recline or be horizontal)
The verb to lie doesn't take an object; the subject is acting on itself.
Present: lie (He lies down.)
Past: lay (He lay down.) Use lied only as the past tense of to tell a lie.
Past Participle: lain (He has lain down.)
Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman;...Leviticus 18:22.
Incorrect: He lied down on the bed.
After learning to make the regular simple past tenses using "ed", it's awkward to have "lay" be the past tense in which the meaning is to recline. It's so common to hear people say: "Lay down on the sofa," or "Lay down on the bed."
In the following example the past tense-lay is used with other past tenses:
lay down and slept in peace and woke up safely, for the Lord was watching over me. Psalms 3:5.
Another past tense example:
He is not here; he has risen, just as He said. Come and see the place where He lay. Matthew 28:6.
Incorrect: I lied on the sofa last night. Unless, you told a lie last night while on the sofa.
Correct: I lay on the sofa last night.
Past Participle: He has lain on the sofa for an hour.
Incorrect: He has laid on the sofa for an hour.
Also incorrect: He has lied on the sofa for an hour. Unless, he's been telling lies while on the sofa for the past hour.
Lay is the past tense of the verb lie or recline, and lain is the past participle that's used with a helping verb.
He laid his books down (he acted upon the books) and lay down on the sofa (past tense of lie or recline), where he has lain for an hour (past participle-lain used with the helping verb-has).
Raise or Rise.
Raise (cause to rise)
Present: I pray Lord, raise me up to be with you in heaven.
Past: After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken. John 2:22.
Past Participle: As they were coming down the mountain, Jesus instructed them, �Don�t tell anyone what you have seen, until the Son of Man has been raised from the dead.�
Rise (move upward)
Present: Jesus said to the crippled man, "Rise and walk".
Past: Jesus rose on the third day into heaven.
Past Participle: "He has risen" the angel told Mary after she looked into the empty tomb.